Creative Content
July 20, 2020

The History of Emoji in 5 Minutes

Emojis are an integral part of our digital lives. They are universal - they break the barrier of most cultures and languages. Emojis are like “body language” - primitive but intuitive. Fully 92% of all people online use emoji now, and one-third of them do so daily [1].

In the beginning, there were emoticons. For the most part, these came of age as the :-) and :-( and 8-D of chatroom conversations in the 1990s. You could convey sarcasm by adding on ;-) at the end of your message, or share your ambivalence with the ¯_(ツ)_/¯  face. [2]

If you considered emoji a language, then it is the fastest-growing language in the world. It transcends countries, cultures, generations, and operating systems; just about anyone, whether a native speaker of English, Arabic, Japanese, or Russian, can become fluent. [3]

Let’s take a look at how the concept of emoji came about.

Fully 92% of all people online use emoji now, and one-third of them do so daily.

1881

According to the sources online, the first emoticons appeared in print in the March issue of the US Puck magazine in 1881. They were introduced as “typographical art” - joy, melancholy, indifference and astonishment. [4]

Puck magazine - featuring "Typographical Art" article.

1982

Scott Falham, a computer scientist at Carnegie Mellon University, proposed the use of the “smiley face” which he thought would help people on a message board at Carnegie Mellon to distinguish serious posts from jokes.

Scott Falham’s email about the “smiley face” [5]

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1986

The boom of kaomoji. In Japanese Kanji, 顔 “Kao” means face and 文字 “Moji” means character.

The Japanese believe that the eyes represent a human being’s soul.

The Japanese believe that the eyes represent a human being’s soul. Thus kaomoji pays attention to the eyes, instead of the mouth like the western version of emoticons. They were utilizing the katakana character set and became very popular on the SCII NET of Japan. [6]

Kaomoji example [7]

1990s

The digital revolution is in full swing. The rise of mobile phones, SMS and the internet made emojis very popular on text messages, internet forums and emails.

Examples of the emoticons in 1990s [8]

1999

The emoji, as we know it, is born.
Shigetaka Kurita has created a set of small pictograms, based on a 12x12px grid that were used to enhance the visual interface for the devices of a Japanese mobile phone company - NTT DOCOMO.

The first set of 176 emojis designed by Shigetaka Kurita in 1999, all based on a 12x12 pixel grid. [9]

2008

Shortly after the launch of the iPhone in 2007, Apple launched an internal initiative that was informed by the popularity of kamoji in Japan. Kaomoji were booming on the “J-Phones” - a nick-name given to the SoftBank’s devices at the time.

Sample of emoji made by Angela Guzman in 2008. Angela was an intern working with a mentor, Reymond on the early apple emoji project. [10]

Originally Apple released a set of 471 emojis for the Japanese market only. One of the goals of the first emoji set was to be compatible with SoftBank’s emoji set.

Apple's original emoji set from 2008. Photo: Jeremy Burge.[10a]
Above: 20 years of 💩. Image: Emojipedia composite. [11b]

This is a story of an intern and her mentor. Angela Guzman joined Apple for a short 3 month internship under the eagle eye of Raymond Sepulveda and was introduced to the project “emoji”.

“Sometimes our emoji turned out more comical than intended and some have a backstory. For example, Raymond reused his happy poop swirl as the top of the ice cream cone. Now that you know, bet you’ll never forget. No one else who discovered this little detail did either.”[11a]

2010

Unicode, an information technology standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems releases Unicode 6.0.
It covered a set of 722 emojis agreed between the governing Unicode bodies of United States, Europe and Japan. Emojis become the new normal.

2015

😂 becomes the Oxford Dictionary’s Word of the Year. It’s the first time ever when a pictograph earns that title.
“Face with Tears of Joy” was chosen because it was the most used emoji globally in 2015. The 😂 emoji made up 20% of all the emojis used in the UK and 17% in the US.

The emoji use graph [12]

The emoji language starts to become more detailed, inclusive and context specific. We can see the introduction of skin tones, gender specific vocations and different food types.
2015 saw the introduction of 4 skintones to the emoji family [13].

Did you know you can submit your own emoji? 

Today, you can contribute to the development of the universal digital language by submitting your own emoji via the Unicode Proposal [14].  If you’re looking for ways to build your digital legacy, this might be an interesting avenue 😉



Hope this sheds some light on paid social & creative content.

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Thanks for reading! 

Stay safe,
Anna

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Article links:

[1] https://www.wired.com

[2] https://www.wired.com

[3]https://www.wired.com

[4] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puck

[5]  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scott_Fahlman

[6] https://www.afishinsea.co.uk

[7] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki

[8]  https://www.asciiart.eu/ https://phrasee.co/the-history-of-the-emoji

[9] https://www.moma.org

[10]  https://blog.emojipedia.org

[11a] https://medium.com

[11b] https://blog.emojipedia.org

[12] https://languages.oup.com

[13] https://www.theatlantic.com

[14] https://unicode.org

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